Forestry in the Bay of Plenty
Exotic forestry makes up about 16 percent of the land in the Bay
of Plenty Region. Most of this forestry is in large tracts
like the Kāingaroa Plateau, but there are also many smaller
woodlots and farm forestry blocks around the region.
Forestry can be an appropriate and profitable land use on many
capability classes, particularly for steep and erosion-prone
land. Landowners often find that converting difficult parts of
their property, such as steep sidlings from pasture to trees,
improves their overall productivity by allowing them to concentrate
inputs on their better land.
While the main source of income from forestry is generally from
harvesting logs, there are many other benefits from planting trees,
- Carbon sequestration (removing carbon from the atmosphere)
- Providing shelter
- Stabilising slopes
- Reducing nutrient losses
- Suppressing weeds
- Contributing to biodiversity
Some important factors to consider prior to planting
- Overall reasons for afforestation (log harvest, shelter,
carbon sequestration, amenity, biodiversity, erosion control)
- Aspect, slope, soil type, elevation, size of block
- Fencing or stock exclusion
- Pest animal and pest plant control
- Access for harvesting machinery if required
These will dictate species selection, establishment costs, the
silvicultural regime and overall viability of the
Bay of Plenty Regional Council Land Management Officers are
available to provide advice on planting forestry blocks, and grants
may be available to assist with forestry establishment under a
Riparian Management Plan.
For more information read the Riparian Management Plan Fact Sheet (444KB,
Land Management Factsheets
are available on a range of forestry topics including some of the
more commonly planted tree species.
The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry
administers schemes that enable landowners to enter the carbon
market, including options for permanent forestry and indigenous
Pines (chiefly Pinus radiata) are the most commonly
planted trees however there are many other species, both exotic and
native, to consider depending on the aims for the site.
The New Zealand Farm Forestry
Association website has useful information and case studies of
establishing trees on farms.
Tane's Tree Trust is
an organisation promoting the successful planting and
sustainable management of indigenous trees by
landowners for multiple uses.
It is important that harvesting is well-planned and carried out
to minimise erosion and downstream effects.
Poor tracking and slash management have the potential to allow
large amounts of sediment and debris to enter waterways.
The following guidelines should be followed for all forestry
Erosion and Sediment Control Guidelines for Land Disturbing
Activities which can be read on the Guideline
A resource consent may be required - see the Regional Water and Land
Plan or contact a Consents Officer on the details
below for advice.