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Landowner's responsibilities

What you need to know and do

Managing pests on your property is your responsibility – prevention is always better than cure. 

As the land owner or occupier, you have primary responsibility for managing ‘containment’ and ‘restricted’ pests on your property. Regional Council land management staff provide free support and advice to help landowners manage plant and animal pests. 

Wild GingerThe Regional Council is responsible for managing high-risk agency and exclusion/eradication pests. We all have a role to play in keeping an eye out for these and other nationally-significant pests. If you see any of these pests, or any unusual or unfamiliar pest or disease, please let us know as soon as possible – it may be a new arrival.

The kiwifruit vine disease Psa is one example of a recent unexpected arrival. Ideally, all landowners should have precautions in place at their own borders (your gate). For example, do you know:

  • where your hay has come from and how ‘clean’ the source is? The hay may contain seeds of weeds that you don’t already have on your property.
  • if the digger used for cleaning your drains was washed of soil and debris before it arrived at your place? 


Pest plants and animals listed in the Regional Pest Management Plan (the Plan) are classified with specific rules relating to each category of pests. It is up to landowners to know and follow these rules. The rules in the Plan are designed to improve pest management.

Read our User Guide to the Bay Of Plenty Regional Pest Management Plan.

The Plan’s pest hierarchy focuses the most intensive activities on high-risk pests and the least intensive on low-risk pests. 

  Agency pests Exclusion and eradication pests Containment pests Restricted pests

Nationally-significant pests. 

Very high-risk pests that are here in small populations or are new to the region.  

Serious pests which are high-risk and more widespread.  

Serious pests and those which
are very widespread.   
Who's responsible?

The Regional Council and Ministry of Primary Industries work together to eradicate these.

KEEP AN EYE OUT FOR THESE and please contact the Regional Council if you see them!

The Regional Council works to eradicate these at its own expense. 

KEEP AN EYE OUT FOR THESE and please contact the Regional Council if you see them!

It is the responsibility of the landowner to control these pests at their own expense. Landowners, occupiers and the community are responsible for managing these pests.

Salvinia, Kauri dieback and didymo.

See full list…

Alligator weed, koi carp and rooks.

See full list…

Wild kiwifruit, wild ginger, woolly nightshade and feral goats.

See full list…

Privet, agapanthus, arum lily, rats, possums, stoats and weasels.

See full list…

Rules Agency pest rules 

Pest plants rules

Pest animal rules

Pest plants rules

Pest animal rules

Pest plants rules

Pest animal rules

The release, spread, propagation, breeding, display or sale of most pests listed in the Plan is prohibited.

Bay of Plenty Regional Council is responsible for enforcing the rules under the Biosecurity Act 1993


In a very small number of situations, exemptions to the Plan rules may be granted. A written application is required and if granted, the Regional Council must publicise the exemption.

Non-compliance and enforcement

Bay of Plenty Regional Council is responsible for enforcing the Plan’s rules and our approach is to be firm, but fair.  

Initially, we will work with landowners to help you take the required action. Ultimately, if no action is taken by the landowner, we will take legal action which can include prosecution. Not complying with rules in the Plan is an offence under the Biosecurity Act 1993 and substantial penalties are possible.

HorsenettleLearn about how a contractor’s sharp eye helped stop the spread of horsenettle in the case study – Pest alert saves maize growers.