The Ohiwa Harbour is a large shallow estuary situated 11km east of Whakatane and 16km west of Opotiki in the Eastern Bay of Plenty, in New Zealand's North Island.
Ohiwa Harbour links
Jewel of the Eastern Bay of Plenty
The harbour is one of New Zealand's most unspoiled and the area has long been special to many people for many reasons. People appreciate its landscapes, natural beauty, water quality, recreational activities, heritage places and values, clean air and productive land.
The catchment extends far inland into the upper reaches of the Nukuhou River. Gentle undulating ground turns to steep hills and a multitude of peninsulas, spurs and gullies form a convoluted harbour edge dotted with salt-marshes, wetlands and mudflats.
The inner harbour is protected to the northwest by the Ohope spit and to the northeast by the Ohiwa spit and dunes system. There are 10 small islands in the harbour and many channels and sandbanks that shift and meander with the tides and seasons.
The harbour surrounds an area with a mix of native vegetation, exotic forestry, horticulture and pasture with many lifestyle blocks, clusters of houses and baches and the large residential area of Ohope.
The harbour is home to a multitude of marsh and shore birds, shellfish and fish species. Boating, sightseeing, swimming, water sports, shellfish gathering and fishing are all extremely popular with locals and visitors.
Issues and community values
Balancing development and recreational activities in the harbour and catchment with protection or enhancement of natural and cultural values is the greatest challenge faced by the area.
In 2002, Bay of Plenty Regional Council launched a consultation process to find out what the local community and organisations valued about the Harbour and how it should be managed. The result of this process was the Ohiwa Harbour Strategy (OHS).
Themes and values from the OHS include:
- Health of the estuary
- Recreation values
- Managing development pressures
- Natural areas, plants and animals
- A more informed community.
The strategy is a guiding document, but more importantly, it drives a strong cooperative working partnership between Bay of Plenty Regional Council, Whakatane and Opotiki District Councils, Department of Conservation, Upokorehe, Whakatohea, Te Kaaku (Tuhoe) and Ngati Awa. The partners work collectively and individually to plan and take action for the management, protection and enhancement of the Harbour. The community also plays an important role in this work. Landowners and managers, and care groups have made, and continue to make, an enormous difference to the long-term health of the Harbour and its catchment.
Ohiwa Harbour Case Studies