Shurb

Apple of Sodom

Apple of Sodom

A poisonous shrub that grazing stock will avoid, therefore reducing available grazing land.

Asiatic knotweed

Asiatic knotweed

Listed as one of the world’s worst invasive species by the World Conservation Union.

Blackberry

Blackberry

Can quickly invade pasture, reducing area for grazing and breaking fences that it grows over.

Boneseed

Boneseed

Originally from South Africa Boneseed is named due to the white, bone-like appearance of its seeds.

Buddleia

Buddleia

Often forms in river beds which can alter water flow, causing silt build-up and flooding.

Cape ivy

Cape ivy

A scrambling perennial, forming a dense tangled shrub, with wiry woody stems.

Cestrum species

Cestrum species

Forms dense mats that shade out native species and is extremely toxic to farm animals.

Chinese knotweed

Chinese knotweed

A highly invasive plant that quickly smothers other plants and trees.

Chinese privet

Chinese privet

Produces a large number of seeds that are spread by birds to form dense stands which prevent native species from establishing.

Coast tea tree

Coast tea tree

Waves flush sand from underneath the tree roots causing erosion and creating steep dune slopes.

Cotoneaster

Cotoneaster

Has masses of shining red or orange berries and matures very quickly to form dense stands.

Darwin’s barberry

Darwin’s barberry

Named after Charles Darwin – who discovered it in South America in 1835. It was brought to New Zealand for hedging. 

Elaeagnus

Elaeagnus

Originally introduced as a hedge to contain stock and provide a wind break. 

Firethorn

Firethorn

Evergreen, spiny shrub which spreads to form dense thickets and produces orange berries.

gorse

Gorse

Large, very prickly, woody, evergreen shrub growing up to 2-4m.

Heather

Heather

Bushy evergreen tough shrub with woody, wiry stems and pink to pale purple flowers.

Himalayan balsam

Himalayan balsam

Competes with native species for light, space and pollinators and can dominate vegetation on stream banks.

Horse nettle

Horse nettle

Horse nettle is extremely invasive and hard to kill and all parts of the plant are poisonous.

Italian buckthorn

Italian buckthorn

Popular as a hedging plant due to its hardy nature and exceptionally fast growth rate.

Japanese spindle tree

Japanese spindle tree

Produces many seeds that are well dispersed by birds and possibly possums.

Lantana

Lantana

Considered one of the world’s worst invasive weeds, Lantana seeds can be deadly if eaten.

thistle

Thistles

Thistles i nvade large areas of pasture; unpalatable to stock and reduce pasture productivity.

Noogoora bur

Noogoora bur

Forms clusters of burs that can stick to animal fur and its seeds are toxic to stock.

Purple nutsedge

Purple nutsedge

Named due to its tubers that look like nuts. It is considered an invasive species in over 90 countries. 

Rice paper plant

Rice paper plant

Gets its name from the widespread (incorrect) belief that the plant is used to make rice paper.

Tutsan

Tutsan

Has pale yellow flowers in bunches at the end of each branch.

Velvet groundsel

Velvet groundsel

Large woody shrub with the stems often being reddish, and coated with hairs.

White edged nightshade

White edged nightshade

A member of the nightshade family, dust from the plant can cause respiratory irritation.

Woolly nightshade

Woolly nightshade

Also known as tobacco weed or kerosene plant because of its strong kerosene-like smell.