|Botanical Name||Hedychium gardnerianum|
|Origin||India, Himalayan Region|
IdentificationHerb with stems to 2 m. Leaves oblong-lanceolate (lance-shaped), off stems or basal stock (emerging from the ground directly). Large rhizome. Flowers in terminal spikes, fragrant. Note the presence of red stamens in the flowers of Kahili ginger. These are not present in the more cream coloured flowers of yellow ginger. Kahili ginger is also a larger plant, with larger leaves. Plant grows 2-3 m high. Flowers Jan-Mar.
HabitatsForests, regenerating forest, streamside and alluvial forests, forest light gaps and gullies. Stable habitats except for very dry or rocky areas. Growth is suppressed in very dark areas of forest. It is often seen along river flats and lower valley flats.
Impact to Biota and EcosystemsForms vast colonies. Permanent smothering of stream ecosystems and forest ground tier, preventing regeneration almost entirely. Once fully established it is extremely difficult for native seedlings to regenerate. May permanently displace rare plants or cause serious losses to populations of uncommon plants or specialised communities.
Dispersal Routes, Vectors, Infestation SourcesSeed dispersed by birds. Also dispersed by water and soil disturbance. Infestation sites include domestic gardens, dumping sites of garden waste. Bulking up areas commonly along forest edges, pine plantations, road edges, streams and unfarmed land.
Slash stems and dig out all rhizomes and tubers. Pull out young seedlings (NB old shade suppressed plants may appear small but have a string of rhizomes attached to them).
Stems and leaves may be left to mulch. Do not mulch or compost rhizomes because they always resprout. Bury rhizomes at a landfill, or dry and thoroughly burn.
Spray foliage or slash stems and spray cut stumps.
Metsulfuron + Penetrant. Apply from spring to late autumn.
Rate - Handgun 25 g Metsulfuron + 100 ml Penetrant/100 litres water. Knapsack 5 g Metsulfuron + 10 ml Penetrant/10 litres water.
Systematically eradicate plants from site. Kahili ginger spreads relatively slowly so systematic eradication can be possible over quite large areas.
This plant is prohibited from propagation, sale and distribution within New Zealand!