|Botanical Name||Rhamnus alaternus|
IdentificationAlso known as Italian buckthorn, or as Rhamnus. Evergreen shrub to around 5 m high but often stunted. Shoots angular, hairy and often purple when young. Glossy, leathery leaves often with toothed edges oval to 60mm long. Flowers May - November. Flowers small and green. Berry to 7mm long, broad, ovoid, glossy red, becoming black with stone.
HabitatsShrub around forest margins and plantations, especially coastal. Becoming a serious weed in some localities.
Impact to Biota and EcosystemsA serious threat to coastal communities and offshore islands.
Dispersal Routes, Vectors, Infestation SourcesCommencing at a young age, the species produces prolific quantities of bird dispersed seeds.
Early detection and treatment of plants appearing in new locations, will help to contain the problem.
Burn pulled material or leave on ground.
Frill or cut stump treatment with Escort mixed 10 grams per litre of water is effective on trees with trunks less than 500mm in diameter. Overall spraying of small plants is effective using Triclopyr (Grazon).
Hand pull small plants. Frill or cut and treat larger trees.
This plant is prohibited from propagation, sale and distribution within New Zealand!