Apple of Sodom
|Botanical Name||Solanum linnaeanum|
IdentificationShrub or subshrub to 1m or more tall with many yellow thorns, berries green and white changing to yellow at maturity. Can be distinguished from other prickly Solanum spp. by the combination of perennial woody habitat with clump-forming roots, green leaves, mauve or violet flowers, September-May.
HabitatsOnly a problem in open coastal areas. Sandy soils and low coastal positions, poor pastures and shrub margins. Salt tolerant.
Impact to Biota and EcosystemsDoes not present a problem to regenerating vegetation and can be expected to be over-shadowed in this type of situation. Can form dense stands in poor pastures. Prickly nature and poisonous fruit are of nuisance quality. A problem in coastal areas.
Dispersal Routes, Vectors, Infestation SourcesLarge numbers of seeds are produced from berries which are spread by birds or stock. The seeds germinate and sprout mid spring till the end of summer.
Dig out small plants. Rotary slash bigger plants.
Spray young plants with Tordon brushkiller at 50ml / 10 litres of water or Tordon Gold at 120ml/10litres of water
Cut larger plants treat with 1 part Tordon Brushkiller to 20 parts water.
Spray during active growth, when plants are under stress good control results will be difficult to achieve.