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Management of flood hazards, has shifted from a 'river control/flood control' approach to a more integrated 'floodplain management' approach. Reliance on structural measures, such as stopbanks and river training works, to prevent flood damage is no longer sufficient. Now more modern approaches are to develop 'floodplain management' plans or strategies. These may still make use of stopbanks, etc, but also consider land use controls (that is, adjusting our activities rather than trying to control the river) and other options such as flood insurance, civil defence procedures and education mechanisms.

The strategies promote rational use of floodplains - balancing costs and risks of land use with benefits of the land use.

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